Hypertension

César R. Molina, M.D., FACC

Cardiologist & Internal Medicine Specialist located in Mountain View, CA

Current data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that one-third of all Americans suffer from high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Hypertension is one of the major causes of heart disease, a condition responsible for 610,000 deaths each year in the United States. Thankfully, hypertension is treatable with proper care and time. At the office of César R. Molina, M.D., FACC in Mountain View, California, Dr. Molina provides the latest in effective hypertension treatment and prevention strategies, allowing you to stay heart-healthy for the long haul. To learn more, call Dr. Molina to schedule your consultation or book online.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of your blood against your arterial walls is higher than usual. This pressure can eventually damage your blood vessels and other organs in your body, leading to serious complications.

What causes hypertension?

There are two variations of hypertension, each with their own causes. Primary hypertension, also known as essential hypertension, has no identifiable cause. This type of hypertension seems to slowly develop over time and will affect nearly everyone as they age.

Hypertension brought on by underlying conditions is called secondary hypertension. Conditions that might lead to secondary hypertension include:

  • Thyroid problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Certain congenital defects
  • Certain medications
  • Illegal drug use

Secondary hypertension often develops suddenly and tends to produce higher blood pressure levels than primary hypertension.

Who gets hypertension?

While just about everyone will experience a slow increase in blood pressure at some point in their lives, there are a few factors that can cause you to develop the condition faster than usual. These include:

  • Diet high in sodium or low in potassium
  • African heritage
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Excess stress
  • Regular alcohol use
  • Obesity

While age increases the risk for hypertension, even young adults and children can suffer from the condition if they experience the factors above.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Unfortunately, most cases of hypertension don’t exhibit symptoms, even when progression is severe. Regular blood pressure check-ups from a care provider are the best method of detecting hypertension and starting treatment.

Without proper management, hypertension can lead to several serious and life-threatening complications, including stroke, heart failure, heart attacks, metabolic syndrome, and dementia.

How is hypertension treated?

Once Dr. Molina provides a proper diagnosis, he’ll work with you to create a treatment plan that works best for your needs and preferences. For many patients, lifestyle adjustments go a long way to controlling high blood pressure. This can include anything from increasing the amount of physical activity you perform to adjusting your dietary habits to include heart-healthy options and less salt.

In some cases, lifestyle changes alone might not offer desired results. Certain medications can help your body further manage blood flow, and Dr. Molina might recommend one or several to go along with your other treatments. Thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta blockers are just a few medication options.

If you have a family history of hypertension, it’s best to play it safe. Visit the office of César R. Molina, M.D., FACCCésar R. Molina, M.D., FACC in Mountain View, California, to receive a full diagnostic work-up and ensure your blood pressure is under control. Call to schedule your consultation or book online.